Creature Features

Description                                                                                                                                                                                             Adult wild turkeys have long reddish yellow to grayish green legs. The body feathers are generally blackish and dark, sometimes grey brown, overall with a coppery sheen that becomes more complex in adult males.

Diet                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wild turkeys are omnivorous. They prefer eating acorns, nuts and other hard mast of various trees, as well as various seeds, berries, roots and insects.

Reproduction                                                                                                                                                                                         Males are polygamous, mating with as many hens as they can. Male wild turkeys display for females by puffing out their feathers, spreading out their tails and dragging their wings. Courtship begins during the months of March and April, which is when turkeys are still flocked together in winter areas.

Fun Facts

  • Other Name: Wild turkey
  • Scientific Name: Meleagris gallopavo
  • Conservation Status: Least concern
  • Lifespan: 10 years
  • Body Length: 4 ft tall
  • Weight: Males- 9 to 14 pounds Females- 20 to 25 pounds
  •  Incubation: 28 days
  • Clutch Size: 10 to 14 eggs
  • Habitat: Hardwood and mixed conifer-hardwood forests with scattered openings
  • Distribution: North America

Did You Know? 

An adult turkey has 5,000 to 6,000 feathers. They may look off-kilter– tilting their heads and staring at the sky– yet they’re fast. Turkeys can clock more than 12 miles per hour.