Creature Features

Description                                                                                                                                                                                                The coat of a black bear is shaggy and usually black, but it can also be dark brown, cinnamon or yellow-brown. Eyes are brown (blue at birth). Skin is light gray.

Diet                                                                                                                                                                                                            Black bears are omnivorous: plants, fruits, nuts, insects, honey, salmon, small mammals and carrion. Most of their diet is plant based.

Lifespan                                                                                                                                                                                                      18 years in the wild; upward of 30 years in captivity.

Fun Facts

  • Other names: Black Bear, North American Black Bear
  • Scientific Name: Ursus americanus
  • Body Length: 4 to 7 feet from nose to tip of tail
  •  Weight: Adult male- 126 to 551 pounds Adult female- 90 to 551 pounds
  •  Gestation: 220 days
  •  Number of young: 1 to 6 cubs; 2 cubs are most common.
  • Habitat: Typically live in forest, mountains and swamps.
  • Distribution: Found in North America, from Canada to Mexico and in at least 40 states in the U.S.

Did You Know?

  • Black bears often mark trees using their teeth and claws as a form of communication with other bears.
  • Cubs remain with the mother for a year and a half or more, even though they are weaned at 6-8 months of age.
  •  Lean bears are fast. They can run up to 30 mph.