Bald Eagles

Creature Features

Description                                                                                                                                                                                              The bald eagle is a very large raptor with a dark brown body and wings and a white head and tail. Its legs, feet and large hooked bill are bright yellow. Its eyes are light yellow.

Diet                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bald eagles are “fish eagles.” They are in this classification because their main food source is fish. They will also eat smaller birds, other bird’s eggs, and small animals like rabbits, reptiles, amphibians and crabs.

Reproduction                                                                                                                                                                                         Bald Eagles are thought to be monogamous. This means that once the birds find a mate, they will continue to only mate with each other for the rest of their lives. After a little over a month of incubation, the eggs hatch. Bald eagles are not born with their distinctive brown and white look. When eaglets hatch , their entire bodies are covered with light gray feathers. Bald eagle nests are 2 to 4 ft. deep and 4 to 5 ft. wide.

Fun Facts

  • Other Names: Sea eagle
  • Scientific Name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  •  Conservation Status: Least concern
  •  Lifespan: Up to 28 years in the wild. Up to 36 years in captivity.
  • Body Length: 34 to 43 inches
  • Wingspan: About 7 ft
  • Weight: 6.5 to 14 pounds
  • Incubation time: 34 to 36 days
  • Clutch size: 2 to 3 eggs
  •  Habitat: Forests that are near rivers, lakes, reservoirs, marshes and coasts
  • Distribution: Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico.

Did You Know?

One pair of eagles near St. Petersburg, Florida, earned the Guinness World Record for largest bird’s nest: 20 ft. deep and 9.5 ft. wide. The nest weighed over two tons.