Description The mule deer is a large mammal. Its coat ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light gray to brown and even reddish. The rump patch may be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white. The white tails of most mule deer end in a tuft of black hairs. They have large ears that move constantly and independently, from whence they get their name, “Mule” or “Burro Deer.”
Diet Mule deer are herbivores; they browse (eating high-growing plants) or graze depending on the season.
Reproduction Mule deer are polygamous, with courtship and mating occurring within the group. From November to February, bucks evenly matched in strength and size compete in battles for access to mate with females. One or two fawns are born in early summer.
Other Names: Burro Deer, Black-tailed Deer, Cedros Island Mule Deer
Scientific Name: Odocoileus hemionus
Conservation status: Least concern
Lifespan: 9 to 22 years
Body Length: 3 to 3.5 feet tall at the shoulder to 4.5 to 7 feet long