Red Fox

Creature Features 

The red fox has a relatively long body with dense fur. The fur is typically a rusty red color and the legs are darker in color, sometimes even black. Foxes have black pointed ears and long canine teeth. On their underside, the fur is white from their nose to their belly.

Foxes are omnivores who hunt mainly small rodents, birds, and rabbits. However, they will occasionally eat vegetables, fruit, mice and fish.

Red foxes mate in the winter and the female fox gives birth to a litter of 2-12 kits in the spring. The kits are dark gray in color at the time of birth, but grow a new coat within a month.

Fun Facts 

  • Scientific Name: Vulpes vulpes
  • Conservation Status: Least concern
  • Lifespan: 2 to 4 years in the wild
  • Body Length: Male– 54in to 74in
  • Female– 56in to 74in
  •  Weight: Male– 10 to 12 lbs. Female– 9 to 10 lbs.
  • Number of Young: 2 to 12 kits
  • Habitat: They live in grasslands, deserts, mountains, forests and even suburban areas.
  • Distribution: Found across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.

Did You Know?

  • Foxes have whiskers on their legs and face helping them to navigate.
  • A male is called a “dog fox,” while a female is called a “Vixen.”
  •  Their pupils are vertical, similar to a cat, helping them to see well at night.